Cannabis is a flowering plant, all parts of which provide a variety of uses, some medical and some utilitarian. The seeds of the cannabis plant can be used as a food source. The stalks can be processed for use in creating paper, rope, and clothing. The medicinal properties of the plant are yielded through the use of the cannabis leaves, roots, and especially flowers.
Only female cannabis plants can grow flowers, or "buds", that are cultivated for human consumption. Colas, the site at which flower buds are found, are formed along the entirety of the cannabis plant, but are most prevalent and dense at the very top.
Sativa and Indica are two different species of the cannabis genus. a hybrid strain will be a combination of Sativa and Indica parents. While all of these are cannabis. Sativa and Indica showcase different physical traits and medicinal benefits. Zen Leaf™ understands that every patient is different and our team will help you during this journey into medical cannabis to find relief.
Types of strains
Cannabis Sativa plants were originally found in warmer climates, typically between 0-30 degrees latitude. These plants are tall in stature, with long, narrow leaves. The flowers (buds) are typically lighter in color and less dense than indicas. Common effects are uplifting, energetic, alert, and are cerebral focused.
Cannabis Indica plants were originally found in cooler climates, typically between 30-50 degrees latitude. These plants are short in stature, with wide, broad leaves. The flowers (buds) are typically darker in color and compact. Common effects are muscle relaxation, anti-insomnia, anti-nausea, and whole body focused.
Hybrid strains are a result of growers breeding Sativa and Indica strains together to isolate the best traits of both stains. Some hybrids exhibit relaxing or uplifting effects, where they are classified as Indica-Dominant Hybrids or Sativa-Dominant Hybrids.
Learn about the chemical compounds responsible for the medical relief tat cannabis provides
THCA is the most abundant cannabinoid found in cannabis and is the in-active raw form of THC. THCA is not psychoactive and still offers anti-inflammatory and anti-nausea qualities. This cannabinoid becomes active through smoking, vaping and decarboxylating.
THC is the active compound associated with cannabis’ psychoactive effects. Possible therapeutic benefits of THC include; pain relief, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and bronchodilator. Primarily affects CB1 Receptors in the endocannabinoid system.
CBDA is the in-active raw form of CBD, offering anti-inflammatory and anti-nausea benefits. This cannabinoid becomes active through smoking, vaping and decarboxylating.
Does not bind primarily to CB1 or CB2 receptors, but acts as a regulator in the endocannabinoid system and helps modulate other receptors and transmitters. Benefits of CBD include; anti-anxiety, anti-inflammatory, anti-psychotic, anti-convulsive, antidepressant, and anti-nausea.
CBN has a higher affinity to CB2 receptors over the CB1 receptors in the endocannabinoid system. CBN is psychoactive but more drowsy or sedative than THC making it better suited for insomnia. This cannabinoid is often associated with Indica strains.